Fuel and Future



   A sustainable infrastructure for life, health and well-being in the 21st century demands access to a clean environment, to food and water, but also to a competitive economic situation for many countries world-wide. Energy is one ingredient towards prosperity, and combustion energy contributes significantly to power generation and transportation as well as to major industrial processes. However, because of the associated carbon dioxide and pollutant emissions, fossil combustion is often seen as a challenge to air quality and as a driver of undesired climatic change. In the transformation of the energy system towards more sustainability, alternative fuels play an important role. Their combustion chemistry, including pathways to potential pollutants, is known in much lesser detail than that of the hydrocarbons that constitute today’s petroleum-derived transportation fuels. Novel techniques are being used both in experiment and simulation to address the development of databases and mechanisms for fuels and fuel blends beyond those used today.