报告题目：Visualizing kinetic pathways of homogeneous nucleation in colloidal crystallization
报告人：Lei Xu (徐磊)；Aassociated Professor, Physics Department, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Abstract: During liquid-to-solid transition, particles pass through multiple intermediate structures to reach the final state. However, the exact pathways remain elusive, due to the difficulty of direct observation. Using various colloidal systems, we experimentally study the evolutions in both symmetry and density, and visualize kinetic pathways with single-particle resolution. Before nucleation, we observe relatively-ordered precursor structures in multiple symmetries, which subsequently convert into meta-stable solids. During this precursor-to-solid conversion, surprisingly, two major cross-symmetry pathways are always observed, regardless of the final state and the interaction potential. During this same process, moreover, we discover a broad decoupling between density variation and symmetry development, and reveal that nucleation rarely starts from the densest regions. These findings are universally observed in all our samples, raising the possibility of finding a unified picture for the complex crystallization kinetics in colloidal systems .